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Evaluation of Additional Criteria for Significant Threshold Shift in Occupational Hearing Conservation Programs.


PB97104392

Publication Date 1996
Personal Author Royster, J. D.
Page Count 32
Abstract As a supplement to a study of significant threshold shift (STS) criteria completed in 1992, two additional shift criteria were analyzed. Analyses were restricted to the first eight audiograms for male employees with at least eight tests. This involved a total of 2,903 employees across all fifteen datasets. The two STS criteria examined were called OSHA STS TWICE, and 15 decibles (dB) TWICE at 1 to 4 kilohertz (kHz). The first monitored a change of 10dB or more in the average of hearing thresholds at 2,000, 3,000, and 4,000 hertz (Hz) and persistence on the next audiogram. The second involved a change of 15dB or more at any test frequency from 1,000 through 4,000Hz and persistence on the next audiogram. The two criteria produced smaller percentages of employees tagged per year than any of the previously evaluated criteria. The 15dB TWICE criteria yield the overall highest percentages of true positive tags. The OSHA STS TWICE criterion achieved a higher percentage after positive tags in the control databases only, but its percent true positive tags in the noncontrol database was lower than for either of the 15dB TWICE criteria.
Keywords
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Noise pollution
  • Auditory defects
  • Noise-induced hearing loss
  • Hearing
  • Criteria
  • Standards
  • Occupational exposure
  • Comparison
  • Graphs(Charts)
  • Thresholds(Perception)
  • Working conditions
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 68B - Noise Pollution & Control
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57W - Stress Physiology
Corporate Authors Environmental Noise Consultants, Inc., Raleigh, NC.; National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Supplemental Notes See also PB93-159143. Sponsored by National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Final rept.
NTIS Issue Number 199701
Evaluation of Additional Criteria for Significant Threshold Shift in Occupational Hearing Conservation Programs.
Evaluation of Additional Criteria for Significant Threshold Shift in Occupational Hearing Conservation Programs.
PB97104392

  • Occupational safety and health
  • Noise pollution
  • Auditory defects
  • Noise-induced hearing loss
  • Hearing
  • Criteria
  • Standards
  • Occupational exposure
  • Comparison
  • Graphs(Charts)
  • Thresholds(Perception)
  • Working conditions
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 68B - Noise Pollution & Control
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57W - Stress Physiology
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