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Hazards of Conveyor Belt Fires.


PB95264792

Publication Date 1995
Personal Author Perzak, F. J.; Litton, C. D.; Mura, K. E.; Lazzara, C. P.
Page Count 42
Abstract The report describes a U.S. Bureau of Mines' study on the hazards of large-scale conveyor belt fires as a function of both air velocity and distance from belt surface to gallery roof. The fire hazards considered were smoke obscuration, toxic effects of carbon monoxide (CO), and elevated air temperatures downstream of the fire. All of these hazards scale with the ratio of fire intensity to ventilation airflow. These hazards were all found to be greater at the lower belt-to-roof distance, owing to the greater fire intensities that resulted. The hazards of smoke obscuration and elevated CO levels were greater at lower air velocities. Smoke obscuration was found to be the earliest hazard, reaching critical levels before the stage of belt flame spread. Critical levels of CO and downstream air temperatures were not reached until the later stages of flame spread. Fire growth rates during rapid flame spread were much greater than the fire growth rates measured during the early stages of belt burning. Data were analyzed to determine the early-warning capability of fire sensors. Smoke sensors provided the earliest warning, followed closely by CO sensors. Thermal sensors did not exhibit any early warning capability.
Keywords
  • Belt conveyors
  • Hazards
  • Fires
  • Flammability
  • Smoke detection
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Mine fires
  • Fire safety
  • Warning systems
  • Smoke
Source Agency
  • Bureau of Mines
NTIS Subject Category
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 97K - Fuels
  • 94H - Industrial Safety Engineering
Corporate Authors Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, PA. Pittsburgh Research Center.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Rept. of investigations/1995.
NTIS Issue Number 199523
Hazards of Conveyor Belt Fires.
Hazards of Conveyor Belt Fires.
PB95264792

  • Belt conveyors
  • Hazards
  • Fires
  • Flammability
  • Smoke detection
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Mine fires
  • Fire safety
  • Warning systems
  • Smoke
  • Bureau of Mines
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 97K - Fuels
  • 94H - Industrial Safety Engineering
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