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Development of Coal Combustion Sensitivity Tests for Smoke Detectors.


PB95219648

Publication Date 1994
Personal Author Edwards, J. C.; Morrow, G. S.
Page Count 20
Abstract Standard smoldering and flaming combustion tests using small coal samples have been developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines as a method to evaluate the response of a smoke detector. The test provides a standard, easily reproducible smoke characteristic for coal smoldering and flaming combustion based upon a comparison of the smoke optical density and the response of a standard ionization chamber to the smoke. With these standard tests, the range of threshold limits for the response of a smoke detector and the detector's reliability can be evaluated for nearly identical smoke visibility and smoke physical characteristics. The detector's threshold response limits and reliability need to be well defined prior to the instrument's use as part of a mine fire warning system for improved mine safety.
Keywords
  • Coal mines
  • Smoke detectors
  • Fire detection systems
  • Mine fires
  • Mine safety
  • Fire safety
  • Warning devices
  • Fire alarm systems
  • Sensors
  • Flames
  • Combustion products
  • Fire tests
  • Performance tests
  • Smoldering
Source Agency
  • Bureau of Mines
NTIS Subject Category
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 81A - Combustion & Ignition
Corporate Authors Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, PA. Pittsburgh Research Center.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Rept. of investigations/1995.
NTIS Issue Number 199516
Development of Coal Combustion Sensitivity Tests for Smoke Detectors.
Development of Coal Combustion Sensitivity Tests for Smoke Detectors.
PB95219648

  • Coal mines
  • Smoke detectors
  • Fire detection systems
  • Mine fires
  • Mine safety
  • Fire safety
  • Warning devices
  • Fire alarm systems
  • Sensors
  • Flames
  • Combustion products
  • Fire tests
  • Performance tests
  • Smoldering
  • Bureau of Mines
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 81A - Combustion & Ignition
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