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Correlations of Hydrogen Chloride and Hydrogen Cyanide Concentrations Evolved during Combustion of Chlorine- and Nitrogen-Containing Materials.


PB95147963

Publication Date 1994
Personal Author De Rosa, M. I.
Page Count 20
Abstract The U.S. Bureau of Mines conducted a study to determine if correlations exist between the chlorine or nitrogen contents of materials and the hydrogen chloride (HCI) or hydrogen cyanide (HCN) concentrations evolved during the thermal decomposition of these materials. HCI, HCN, and carbon monoxide (CO) were found to be the primary toxic gases evolved during the combustion process. The data indicate that there are significant correlations between the percentage of chlorine or nitrogen contained in the original samples and the HCI or HCN concentrations evolved during the combustion of the materials. These correlations may be used to predict and evaluate a material's toxic hazard during combustion.
Keywords
  • Combustion products
  • Mine fires
  • Fire prevention
  • Hydrogen chloride
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Concentration(Composition)
  • Toxic hazards
  • Hydrogen cyanide
  • Smoke
  • Fire safety
  • Particulates
Source Agency
  • Bureau of Mines
NTIS Subject Category
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 81A - Combustion & Ignition
  • 94H - Industrial Safety Engineering
Corporate Authors Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, PA. Pittsburgh Research Center.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Rept. of investigations/1994.
NTIS Issue Number 199506
Correlations of Hydrogen Chloride and Hydrogen Cyanide Concentrations Evolved during Combustion of Chlorine- and Nitrogen-Containing Materials.
Correlations of Hydrogen Chloride and Hydrogen Cyanide Concentrations Evolved during Combustion of Chlorine- and Nitrogen-Containing Materials.
PB95147963

  • Combustion products
  • Mine fires
  • Fire prevention
  • Hydrogen chloride
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Concentration(Composition)
  • Toxic hazards
  • Hydrogen cyanide
  • Smoke
  • Fire safety
  • Particulates
  • Bureau of Mines
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 81A - Combustion & Ignition
  • 94H - Industrial Safety Engineering
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