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Public Health Assessment for U.S. Smelter and Lead Refinery, Inc. (a/k/a USS Lead Refinery Inc.) East Chicago, Lake County, Indiana, Region 5. CERCLIS No. IND047030226.


PB94210119

Publication Date 1994
Page Count 54
Abstract The U.S. Smelter and Lead Refinery, Inc. (USS Lead), in East Chicago, Indiana, has been operating as a primary and secondary smelting facility since 1906. Wastes which were produced during smelting operations are calcium sulfate sludge, blast furnace flue-dust, baghouse bags, rubber and plastic battery casings, and waste slag. Limited sampling information is available, and indicates that on-site soils and wastes are contaminated with lead and other metals. Additional sampling off-site surface soils indicate that the contamination has spread off-site as far as one-half mile from the site. Surface water and sediment on-site has also become contaminated with lead and other metals, as well as waste oil. Based on the completed exposure pathways to lead through soil ingestion and dust inhalation, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry concludes that contamination from the USS Lead site is a public health hazard.
Keywords
  • Public health
  • Risk assessment
  • Health hazards
  • Environmental exposure pathway
  • Refineries
  • Smelters
  • Lead(Metal)
  • Metals
  • Waste oils
  • Soil contamination
  • Sediments
  • Land pollution
  • Surface waters
  • Water pollution
  • Ambient air quality
  • Indiana
  • East Chicago(Indiana)
  • Lake County(Indiana)
Source Agency
  • Department H.E.W. Office of Toxic Substance and Disease
NTIS Subject Category
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
Corporate Authors Indiana State Dept. of Health, Indianapolis.; Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Final rept.
NTIS Issue Number 199424
Public Health Assessment for U.S. Smelter and Lead Refinery, Inc. (a/k/a USS Lead Refinery Inc.) East Chicago, Lake County, Indiana, Region 5. CERCLIS No. IND047030226.
Public Health Assessment for U.S. Smelter and Lead Refinery, Inc. (a/k/a USS Lead Refinery Inc.) East Chicago, Lake County, Indiana, Region 5. CERCLIS No. IND047030226.
PB94210119

  • Public health
  • Risk assessment
  • Health hazards
  • Environmental exposure pathway
  • Refineries
  • Smelters
  • Lead(Metal)
  • Metals
  • Waste oils
  • Soil contamination
  • Sediments
  • Land pollution
  • Surface waters
  • Water pollution
  • Ambient air quality
  • Indiana
  • East Chicago(Indiana)
  • Lake County(Indiana)
  • Department H.E.W. Office of Toxic Substance and Disease
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
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