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MIGRATOM: Geophysical Tomography Using Wavefront Migration and Fuzzy Constraints.


PB94174448

Publication Date 1994
Personal Author Jackson, M. J.; Tweeton, D. R.
Page Count 44
Abstract MIGRATOM is a third-generation PC-based computer program for geophysical tomograph. It was developed to enable users to address a variety of mining-related problems by mathematically reconstructing the distribution of physical properties in a rock mass, using measurements of travel time or amplitude of wave energy propagated through the rock mass. Examples of applications include litho-logic characterization, fracture detection, fluid monitoring, stress evaluation, and blast assessment. The resolution and accuracy of tomographic reconstructions generally depend very strongly on the geometry of source and receiver locations. In many practical applications, such as cross-borehole tomography, limited coverage results in nonunique reconstructions. MIGRATOM allows the user to constrain the inversion, in order to reduce the nonuniqueness problem. A new approach to application of constraints implemented in MIGRATOM is based on fuzzy logic techniques. Refraction of wave energy is modeled in MIGRATOM using an approach based on Huygens' Principle. Propagation of a continuous wavefront is modeled as a constructive interference phenomenon, which obviates the shadow-zone problem that affects conventional ray-tracing calculations.
Keywords
  • Geophysical prospecting
  • Computer aided tomography
  • Imagery
  • Fuzzy logic
  • Mining
  • Wave propagation
  • Rocks
  • Rock mechanics
  • Ray tracing
  • Windows(Computer programs)
  • Tests
Source Agency
  • Bureau of Mines
NTIS Subject Category
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 48F - Geology & Geophysics
Corporate Authors Bureau of Mines, Minneapolis, MN. Twin Cities Research Center.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Rept. of investigations/1994.
NTIS Issue Number 199417
MIGRATOM: Geophysical Tomography Using Wavefront Migration and Fuzzy Constraints.
MIGRATOM: Geophysical Tomography Using Wavefront Migration and Fuzzy Constraints.
PB94174448

  • Geophysical prospecting
  • Computer aided tomography
  • Imagery
  • Fuzzy logic
  • Mining
  • Wave propagation
  • Rocks
  • Rock mechanics
  • Ray tracing
  • Windows(Computer programs)
  • Tests
  • Bureau of Mines
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 48F - Geology & Geophysics
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