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Potential Safety Applications of Advanced Technology.


PB94157914

Publication Date 1994
Personal Author Fancher, P.; Kostyniuk, L.; Massie, D.; Ervin, R.; Gilbert, K.; Reiley, M.; Mink, C.; Bogard, S.; Zoratti, P.
Page Count 324
Abstract The report identifies and evaluates the application of new technology to known highway safety problems, including an assessment of functional requirements, feasibility, costs, and potential safety benefits. Findings are documented for the following subjects: (1) a typology of prevalent accident/crash types, (2) functional descriptions of 18 postulated countermeasure systems for mitigating the consequences of prevalent crash types, (3) the relationship of advanced technology to the sensing, processing, communications, and display needs of the postulated countermeasure systems, (4) potential safety benefits of countermeasure systems as expressed by estimates of the reductions in risk and severity in selected accident types, and (5) estimates of the costs of countermeasure systems and their rate of penetration into the driver-vehicle-roadway system. Conclusions and recommendations concerning the development of safety applications of advanced technology are delineated in the report.
Keywords
  • Accident prevention
  • Vehicle dynamics
  • Highway safety
  • Technology assessment
  • Driver reaction time
  • Traffic control
  • Systems engineering
  • Display devices
  • Sensors
  • Mathematical models
  • Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems
Source Agency
  • Federal Highway Administration
NTIS Subject Category
  • 85D - Transportation Safety
  • 85H - Road Transportation
  • 70E - Research Program Administration & Technology Transfer
Corporate Authors Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Transportation Research Inst.; Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA. Office of Safety and Traffic
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by Federal Highway Administration, McLean, VA. Office of Safety and Traffic Operations Research and Development.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Final rept. Sep 90-Jun 93.
NTIS Issue Number 199414
Contract Number
  • DTFH61-90-C-00085
Potential Safety Applications of Advanced Technology.
Potential Safety Applications of Advanced Technology.
PB94157914

  • Accident prevention
  • Vehicle dynamics
  • Highway safety
  • Technology assessment
  • Driver reaction time
  • Traffic control
  • Systems engineering
  • Display devices
  • Sensors
  • Mathematical models
  • Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems
  • Federal Highway Administration
  • 85D - Transportation Safety
  • 85H - Road Transportation
  • 70E - Research Program Administration & Technology Transfer
  • DTFH61-90-C-00085
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