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Physical Activity during Pregnancy and Birth Weight.


PB92109263

Publication Date 1991
Personal Author Sweeney, A. M.; LaPorte, R. E.; Cauley, J. A.; Aarons, J. H.
Page Count 40
Abstract A prospective study was undertaken of 189 indigent black and white women receiving prenatal care at a clinic. The various activities in which these women were involved were carefully measured including occupational, recreational and household activities. About 40% of the women had worked outside the home during pregnancy. Average weekly kilocalorie expenditure levels for each of the three types of activity were calculated each trimester. Increased total weekly physical activity levels were associated with decreased birth weight among black women, but not among white women. A difference in activity patterns of housekeeping existed between blacks and whites and it was this activity which was related to decreased birth weight among the blacks. This effect persisted after controlling for maternal height, smoking habits, prepregnant weight, and gestational weight gain. Predictors of decreased birth weight among whites included smoking, prepregnant weight and gestational weight gain.
Keywords
  • Exercise(Physiology)
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal care
  • Birth weight
  • Maternal and child health services
  • Blacks
  • Whites
  • Demography
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking
  • Weight gain
  • Mothers
  • Height
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57S - Physiology
  • 44C - Community & Population Characteristics
  • 44K - Health Services
Corporate Authors Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Dept. of Epidemiology.; National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 199202
Physical Activity during Pregnancy and Birth Weight.
Physical Activity during Pregnancy and Birth Weight.
PB92109263

  • Exercise(Physiology)
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal care
  • Birth weight
  • Maternal and child health services
  • Blacks
  • Whites
  • Demography
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking
  • Weight gain
  • Mothers
  • Height
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57S - Physiology
  • 44C - Community & Population Characteristics
  • 44K - Health Services
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