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Ergonomics Program to Control Work-Related Cumulative Trauma Disorders of the Upper Extremities.


PB91173377

Publication Date 1988
Personal Author McGlothlin, J. D.
Page Count 136
Abstract A program was established in a hand intensive manufacturing facility to control upper extremity cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs). The plan consisted of four distinct components: job analysis; education and training of management and workers in the principles of ergonomics and identification of risk factors; development of a task force; and implementation of a health surveillance system. The control approach indicated that facility designed tools were the most successfully implemented attribute, followed by changes in work practices to reduce work stresses. The original program stressed administrative controls including worker rotation, job enlargement and market available tools, while the plan for new jobs stressed engineering controls such as work station design, gravity feed racks, and facility designed tools. The shift from administrative to engineering controls may be attributed to application of ergonomic principles by facility engineers during the design of new workstations, flexibility in production quotas during the work startup phase, and financial resources for ergonomic enhancements to new work stations after startup.
Keywords
  • Human factors engineering
  • Equipment specifications
  • Ergonomics
  • Musculoskeletal system
  • Stress analysis
  • Risk assessment
  • Training
  • Tables(Data)
  • Working conditions
  • Workplace studies
  • Cumulative trauma disorders
  • Upper body injuries
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 95D - Human Factors Engineering
  • 41I - Job Environment
  • 94D - Job Environment
Corporate Authors Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Dept. of Environmental and Industrial Health.; National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Thesis
Title Note Doctoral thesis.
NTIS Issue Number 199114
Ergonomics Program to Control Work-Related Cumulative Trauma Disorders of the Upper Extremities.
Ergonomics Program to Control Work-Related Cumulative Trauma Disorders of the Upper Extremities.
PB91173377

  • Human factors engineering
  • Equipment specifications
  • Ergonomics
  • Musculoskeletal system
  • Stress analysis
  • Risk assessment
  • Training
  • Tables(Data)
  • Working conditions
  • Workplace studies
  • Cumulative trauma disorders
  • Upper body injuries
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 95D - Human Factors Engineering
  • 41I - Job Environment
  • 94D - Job Environment
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