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NIOSH Testimony on Cancer and Respiratory Diseases Before the Subcommittee on Labor Standards, House Committee on Education and Labor by R. F. Coene, April 9, 1981.


PB90194465

Publication Date 1981
Page Count 24
Abstract Testimony concerned the efforts of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in the area of cancer and respiratory disease. The number of recognized occupational carcinogenic substances was long and continued to grow. The effort to identify these hazardous elements in the work place was complex as many of the agents work in concert with others. The long latency period of cancer in the human body has prevented us from knowing the real prevalence of work related cases of the disease. Very high levels of production of many of these toxic chemicals have only occurred since the 1960s. Workers are also at risk of contracting a wide variety of nonmalignant occupational diseases and disorders such as respiratory disease. Inhalation was by far the most important route of industrial substances entry into the worker's body. Such inhalation could result in irritation, inflammation, allergic reactions, edema, emphysema, fibrosis, or cancer. The most important nonmalignant occupational respiratory diseases included coal worker's pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, byssinosis, and silicosis. Offending agents include cotton dust, coal dust, asbestos (1332214) fibers, and silica (14808607) dust. Recent epidemiologic studies suggestive of a relationship between occupation and cancer were listed.
Keywords
  • Industrial medicine
  • Carcinogens
  • Malignant neoplasms
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Dust
  • Exposure
  • Hazardous materials
  • Occupational diseases
  • Epidemiology
  • Risk
  • Government policies
  • Standards
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Toxic substances
  • Testimony
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 41I - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
  • 68A - Air Pollution & Control
  • 70F - Public Administration & Government
Corporate Authors National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 199012
NIOSH Testimony on Cancer and Respiratory Diseases Before the Subcommittee on Labor Standards, House Committee on Education and Labor by R. F. Coene, April 9, 1981.
NIOSH Testimony on Cancer and Respiratory Diseases Before the Subcommittee on Labor Standards, House Committee on Education and Labor by R. F. Coene, April 9, 1981.
PB90194465

  • Industrial medicine
  • Carcinogens
  • Malignant neoplasms
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Dust
  • Exposure
  • Hazardous materials
  • Occupational diseases
  • Epidemiology
  • Risk
  • Government policies
  • Standards
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Toxic substances
  • Testimony
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 41I - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
  • 68A - Air Pollution & Control
  • 70F - Public Administration & Government
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