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Diesels in the Occupational Environment: An Environmental Perspective.


PB90179136

Publication Date 1985
Personal Author Piacitelli, G. M.; Jones, W. G.; Gamble, J. F.; Timko, R. J.
Page Count 22
Abstract Following a brief review of the history and applications of diesel power, some aspects of diesel power in the workplace were investigated. The diesel engine has become a highly developed, heavy duty power unit which is a predominant source of industrial power throughout the world, primarily since it can burn a low grade fuel more efficiently and therefore cheaper than other internal combustion or steam power engines. Levels of carbon-dioxide (124389), carbon-monoxide (630080), and nitrogen-dioxide (10102440) (NO2) in environments using diesel engines were compared. Studies of the operation of such equipment had been conducted in underground coal mines, metal and mineral ore mines, heavy equipment operations, engine repair shops for both transit buses and for railroad locomotives, ammunition warehouses using diesel forklifts, and submarines using auxiliary diesel engines. Results of an analysis of these studies indicated that the impact of diesel exhaust on air quality depends on the operations being performed, the emission controls applied and the amount of dilution provided by ventilation. NO2 and diesel particulates were considered to be the critical pollutants. Various methods of reducing the emission levels were discussed.
Keywords
  • Industrial medicine
  • Diesel engines
  • Diesel fuels
  • History
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Exhaust gases
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Hazardous materials
  • Mining equipment
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • CAS 124-38-9
  • CAS 630-08-0
  • CAS 10102-44-0
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 41I - Job Environment
  • 68A - Air Pollution & Control
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
Corporate Authors National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV. Div. of Respiratory Disease Studies.; Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, PA. Pittsburgh Research Center.
Supplemental Notes Presented at the American Industrial Hygiene Conference, Las Vegas, NV., May 21, 1985. Prepared in cooperation with Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, PA. Pittsburgh Research Center.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 199011
Diesels in the Occupational Environment: An Environmental Perspective.
Diesels in the Occupational Environment: An Environmental Perspective.
PB90179136

  • Industrial medicine
  • Diesel engines
  • Diesel fuels
  • History
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Exhaust gases
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Hazardous materials
  • Mining equipment
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • CAS 124-38-9
  • CAS 630-08-0
  • CAS 10102-44-0
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 41I - Job Environment
  • 68A - Air Pollution & Control
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
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