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Cancer Risk of Insulation Workers in the United States.


PB90103813

Publication Date 1972
Personal Author Selikoff, I. J.; Hammond, E. C.; Seidman, H.
Page Count 26
Abstract Three investigations were made of workers exposed to asbestos insulation materials. In one study, the entire membership of the insulation workers union in the United States and Canada was registered for observation. Another group consisted of workers hired between 1941 and 1945 by a factory which manufactured amosite asbestos insulation materials until 1954. Among asbestos insulation workers in the U.S., approximately one death in five has been the result of lung cancer. Incidence of gastro-intestinal cancer was more than double that of the general population, and mesothelioma was responsible for 7% of all deaths. Increased incidence of lung cancer was seen as soon as 10 to 14 years from onset of exposure. It is suspected that more intense exposure experienced by factory workers is associated with earlier appearance of asbestos lung cancer. However, although early lung cancer increase was seen, the greater increase occurred 30 to 45 years from exposure onset, especially among the less intensely exposed insulation workers. Data indicate that these risks were associated with the asbestos insulation materials per se. There was no evidence that chrysotile was associated with greater risk than amosite, or vice versa.
Keywords
  • Industrial medicine
  • Asbestos
  • Risk
  • Malignant neoplasms
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Hazardous materials
  • Statistical data
  • Insulation
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 41I - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
Corporate Authors Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York.; National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.; American Cancer Society, Inc., New York.
Supplemental Notes Presented at the Working Group to Assess Biological Effects of Asbestos meeting, Lyon, France, October 4, 1972. Prepared in cooperation with American Cancer Society, Inc., New York. Sponsored by National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 199002
Cancer Risk of Insulation Workers in the United States.
Cancer Risk of Insulation Workers in the United States.
PB90103813

  • Industrial medicine
  • Asbestos
  • Risk
  • Malignant neoplasms
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Hazardous materials
  • Statistical data
  • Insulation
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 41I - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
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