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Impact of Existing and Proposed Regulations upon the Domestic Lead Industry.


PB89121743

Publication Date 1988
Personal Author Isherwood, R. J.; Smith, R. C.; Kiehn, O. A.; Daley, M. R.
Page Count 45
Abstract The U.S. Bureau of Mines has investigated the domestic primary and secondary lead smelting and refining industries to determine the economic impacts of existing and proposed environmental, health, and safety regulations. The impacts are assessed in terms of capital and operating costs for existing and alternative smelting/refining technologies. Industry response to regulatory implementation is estimated and quantified in terms of import value from lost lead production. For the primary lead industry, regulatory compliance may add up to .0115/lb refined lead to operating cost for rehabilitated plants. Alternative smelting/refining methods could reduce net operating costs by as much as .0436/lb refined lead. Capital expenditures would vary from $750 to $1,000 per annual metric ton of smelter capacity. Secondary lead smelter operating costs would increase about .038/lb refined lead to comply with existing regulations. Capital expenditures would average about $124 per annual metric ton of smelter capacity. Implementation and enforcement of proposed regulations would result in closure of the primary lead industry and additional expenditures for compliance by the secondary lead industry. Enforcement of the most extreme proposed regulations would force the secondary lead industry to close.
Keywords
  • Lead
  • Regulations
  • Economic analysis
  • Smelting
  • Refining
  • Economic impact
  • Occupational diseases
  • Control
  • Pollution
Source Agency
  • Bureau of Mines
NTIS Subject Category
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 96A - Domestic Commerce, Marketing, & Economics
  • 68 - Environmental Pollution & Control
Corporate Authors Bureau of Mines, Denver, CO. Intermountain Field Operations Center.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Open file rept. (Final),
NTIS Issue Number 198903
Impact of Existing and Proposed Regulations upon the Domestic Lead Industry.
Impact of Existing and Proposed Regulations upon the Domestic Lead Industry.
PB89121743

  • Lead
  • Regulations
  • Economic analysis
  • Smelting
  • Refining
  • Economic impact
  • Occupational diseases
  • Control
  • Pollution
  • Bureau of Mines
  • 48A - Mineral Industries
  • 96A - Domestic Commerce, Marketing, & Economics
  • 68 - Environmental Pollution & Control
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