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Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Airborne Fibers.


PB87234662

Publication Date 1979
Personal Author Ayer, H. E.; Zumwalde, R. D.
Page Count 41
Abstract The chemical and physical properties of fibers commonly found in the air were reviewed, and a definition of a fiber was developed. Fiber types discussed included organic fibers, mineral wool, fibrous glass, phytoliths, asbestos (1332214), chrysotile (12001295), crocidolite (12001284), amosite (12172735), anthophyllite (17068789), tremolite (14567738), actinolite (13768008), attapulgite (12174117), wollastonite (13983170), and other mineral fibers. Most of the organic fibers commonly found in indoor air were of animal and vegetable origin, while monofilamentous synthetic fibers were less frequently found. Airborne organic fibers may be of importance only in mills processing such materials. Amorphous fibers were found in the lungs of humans at autopsy and in air samples from urban areas. The authors recommend that controls be instituted to limit exposures to any airborne fibrous dust.
Keywords
  • Airborne wastes
  • Fibers
  • Dust
  • Animal fibers
  • Glass fibers
  • Mineral wool
  • Asbestos
  • Synthetic fibers
  • Chemical properties
  • Physical properties
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 71I - Fibers & Textiles
  • 99A - Analytical Chemistry
Corporate Authors Cincinnati Univ. Medical Center, OH. Dept. of Environmental Health.; National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 198724
Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Airborne Fibers.
Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Airborne Fibers.
PB87234662

  • Airborne wastes
  • Fibers
  • Dust
  • Animal fibers
  • Glass fibers
  • Mineral wool
  • Asbestos
  • Synthetic fibers
  • Chemical properties
  • Physical properties
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 71I - Fibers & Textiles
  • 99A - Analytical Chemistry
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