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Mortality among Uranium Enrichment Workers.


PB87188991

Publication Date 1987
Personal Author Brown, D. P.; Bloom, T.
Page Count 56
Abstract A retrospective cohort mortality study was conducted on workers at the Portsmouth Uranium Enrichment facility (SIC-1094) in Pike County, Ohio, in response to a request from the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers International Local 3-689 for information on long term health effects. Primary hazards included inhalation exposure to uranyl-fluoride (13536840) containing uranium-235 (15117961) and uranium-234 (13966295), technetium-99 (14133767) compounds, and hydrogen-fluoride (7664393). Uranium-238 (7440611) presented a nephrotoxic hazard. Statistically significant mortality deficits based on U.S. death rates were found for all causes, accidents, violence, and diseases of nervous, circulatory, respiratory, and digestive systems. Standardized mortality rates were 85 and 54 for all malignant neoplasms and for other genitourinary diseases, respectively. Deaths from stomach cancer and lymphatic/hematopoietic cancers were insignificantly increased. A subcohort selected for greatest potential uranium exposure has reduced deaths from these malignancies. Insignificantly increased stomach cancer mortality was found after 15 years employment and after 15 years latency. Routine urinalysis data suggested low internal uranium exposures.
Keywords
  • Environmental surveys
  • Industrial medicine
  • Malignant neoplasms
  • Mortality
  • Uranium
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Inspection
  • Hazardous materials
  • Hydrogen fluoride
  • Radioactive isotopes
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Indoor air pollution
  • SIC 1094
Source Agency
  • Centers for Disease Control Bureau of Laboratories
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
  • 68A - Air Pollution & Control
Corporate Authors National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 198716
Mortality among Uranium Enrichment Workers.
Mortality among Uranium Enrichment Workers.
PB87188991

  • Environmental surveys
  • Industrial medicine
  • Malignant neoplasms
  • Mortality
  • Uranium
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Inspection
  • Hazardous materials
  • Hydrogen fluoride
  • Radioactive isotopes
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Indoor air pollution
  • SIC 1094
  • Centers for Disease Control Bureau of Laboratories
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
  • 68A - Air Pollution & Control
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