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Respiratory Disorders and Dust Exposure in Sectors of the Cotton Industry of the United States. Part 1. Cotton Gins.


PB83232165

Publication Date 1981
Personal Author Carlson, M. L.; Zey, J.; Shasby, M.; Piacitelli, G. M.; Piccirillo, R.
Page Count 82
Abstract Five hundred fifty-one cotton gin workers and 1,218 workers in non-dusty comparison plants were studied in a cross-sectional industrial hygiene and respiratory disease prevalence survey of 37 gins throughout the cotton belt in the United States. After deletion for previous dust exposures, the data on 375 cotton gin workers and 1,023 comparison plant workers were analyzed. The industrial hygiene study consisted of determination of ambient respirable cotton dust levels with vertical elutriators and characterization of particle size distribution. NIOSH concludes that this study demonstrates that exposure to cotton dust in gins produces adverse health effects. NIOSH recommends specific dust control strategies, as well as a medical surveillance program, which would detect early adverse health effects. NIOSH further recommends that the medical surveillance data should be actively collected by OSHA and NIOSH for a prospective study of the effects of dust exposure in this industry.
Keywords
  • Environmental surveys
  • Industrial medicine
  • Dust
  • Cotton plants
  • Agricultural machinery
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Inspection
  • Hazardous materials
  • Air pollution control
  • Particle size distribution
  • Respirator diseases
  • Cotton gins
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Indoor air pollution
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
Corporate Authors National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV. Appalachian Lab. for Occupational Safety and Health.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 198321
Respiratory Disorders and Dust Exposure in Sectors of the Cotton Industry of the United States. Part 1. Cotton Gins.
Respiratory Disorders and Dust Exposure in Sectors of the Cotton Industry of the United States. Part 1. Cotton Gins.
PB83232165

  • Environmental surveys
  • Industrial medicine
  • Dust
  • Cotton plants
  • Agricultural machinery
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Inspection
  • Hazardous materials
  • Air pollution control
  • Particle size distribution
  • Respirator diseases
  • Cotton gins
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Indoor air pollution
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
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