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Worker Exposure to Vinyl Chloride in Vinyl Chloride and Polyvinyl Chloride Production and Fabrication.


PB83116053

Publication Date 1977
Personal Author Jones, J. H.
Page Count 202
Abstract In assessment of worker exposure to vinyl-chloride (75014) (VC) and polyvinyl-chloride (9002862) (PVC) was reported. Toxicological data were presented, including acute and chronic animal and human studies, as well as reported worker exposures. Common methods of VC production, including the acetylene-hydrogen-chloride, oxyhydrochlorination, and ethylene-dichloride pyrolysis processes were described. A description of PVC polymerization processes, including suspension, emulsion, bulk and solution polymerization, were presented. A study to determine worker exposure to VC in monomer, polymerization and fabrication plants was described. Monomer and fabrication plant personnel had generally low levels of VC exposure, as compared to workers in polymerization plants. Workers in polymerization plants had the highest VC exposures. The author concludes that VC concentrations in polymerization plants are hazardous to the workers.
Keywords
  • Environmental surveys
  • Industrial medicine
  • Polyvinyl chloride
  • Vinyl chloride
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Inspection
  • Hazardous materials
  • Chlorine aliphatic compounds
  • Chlorine organic compounds
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • PVC
  • CAS 75-01-4
  • CAS 9002-86-2
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
Corporate Authors National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH. Div. of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 198303
Worker Exposure to Vinyl Chloride in Vinyl Chloride and Polyvinyl Chloride Production and Fabrication.
Worker Exposure to Vinyl Chloride in Vinyl Chloride and Polyvinyl Chloride Production and Fabrication.
PB83116053

  • Environmental surveys
  • Industrial medicine
  • Polyvinyl chloride
  • Vinyl chloride
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Inspection
  • Hazardous materials
  • Chlorine aliphatic compounds
  • Chlorine organic compounds
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • PVC
  • CAS 75-01-4
  • CAS 9002-86-2
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
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