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Industrial Hygiene Survey of Owens-Corning Fiberglas, Kansas City, Kansas.


PB81241697

Publication Date 1973
Personal Author Dement, J. M.; Wallingford, K. M.; Zumwalde, R. D.
Page Count 52
Abstract Exposures to fibrous glass (14808607), free silica (7631869), phenol (108952), formaldehyde (50000), ammonia (7664417), carbon-monoxide (630080), cyclohexane (110827), toluene (108883), and noise were investigated at the Owens Corning Fiberglas Company (SIC-3296), in Kansas City, Kansas, from January 29 to February 2, 1973. The company employed 1,250 workers, had a full-time nurse and a part-time physician, and conducted pre-employment examinations. Personal and area air samples were collected from various production points and analyzed for fiber content and total dust. Noise was measured in most areas of the factory. Seven of 27 area silica samples and 1 personal sample exceeded the recommended OSHA standard of 10 milligrams per cubic meter divided by the percent of silicon-dioxide plus two, and 0.91 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/cu m), respectively. Noise measurements ranged from 77 to 105 decibels relative to the A-weighted scale (dBA); the OSHA standard is 90dBA. Concentrations of phenol, formaldehyde and ammonia were below OSHA standards of 5, 3 and 50 parts per million (ppm), respectively. Cyclohexane, toluene, and carbon-monoxide concentrations were also below the respective standard of 300, 200 and 50ppm, however, potentially hazardous carbon-monoxide exposures existed in packing areas due to poor ventilation. Concentrations of fibrous glass were below the OSHA 15mg/cu m standard for nuisance dust, however, many of the fibers were of respirable size. The authors conclude that workers are exposed to hazardous amounts of silica dust. Ventilation should be improved to ensure that excessive carbon-monoxide exposure does not occur, and workers should be provided with hearing protectors.
Keywords
  • Environmental surveys
  • Industrial medicine
  • Silicon dioxide
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Inspection
  • Hazardous materials
  • Glass fibers
  • Phenols
  • Formaldehyde
  • Ammonia
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Cyclohexane
  • Toluene
  • Noise(Sound)
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • CAS 14808-60-7
  • CAS 7631-86-9
  • CAS 108-95-2
  • CAS 50-00-0
  • CAS 7664-41-7
  • CAS 630-08-0
  • CAS 110-82-7
  • CAS 108-88-3
  • SIC-3296
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
Corporate Authors National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH. Div. of Field Studies and Clinical Investigations.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Industrywide study.
NTIS Issue Number 198126
Industrial Hygiene Survey of Owens-Corning Fiberglas, Kansas City, Kansas.
Industrial Hygiene Survey of Owens-Corning Fiberglas, Kansas City, Kansas.
PB81241697

  • Environmental surveys
  • Industrial medicine
  • Silicon dioxide
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Inspection
  • Hazardous materials
  • Glass fibers
  • Phenols
  • Formaldehyde
  • Ammonia
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Cyclohexane
  • Toluene
  • Noise(Sound)
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • CAS 14808-60-7
  • CAS 7631-86-9
  • CAS 108-95-2
  • CAS 50-00-0
  • CAS 7664-41-7
  • CAS 630-08-0
  • CAS 110-82-7
  • CAS 108-88-3
  • SIC-3296
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
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