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Dry Cleaners Workers Exposed to Perchloroethylene: A Retrospective Cohort Mortality Study.


PB81231367

Publication Date 1980
Personal Author Kaplan, S. D.
Page Count 36
Abstract Cancer mortality rates among 1,597 persons employed in dry cleaning establishments and exposed to perchloroethylene (127184) (PCE) were studied. The cohort was selected from union records and vital status was determined through federal and local records. Of the 1,597 cohort members 1,058 were alive, 285 were dead and 252 had unknown vital status. Eleven deaths due to cancer of the colon were observed. Excess death rates also occurred for cancers of the pancreas and urinary tract, and hematologic diseases. The author recommends that this cohort be reevaluated again after several years in order to establish the relationship between PCE exposure and cancer of the colon.
Keywords
  • Hazardous materials
  • Environmental surveys
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Dry cleaning
  • Chlorine organic compounds
  • Air pollution
  • Ethylene/chloro
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Indoor air pollution
  • Cancer
  • Cas 127-18-4
Source Agency
  • Centers for Disease Control Bureau of Laboratories
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
Corporate Authors SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.; National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 198124
Contract Number
  • PHS-NIOSH-210-77-0094
Dry Cleaners Workers Exposed to Perchloroethylene: A Retrospective Cohort Mortality Study.
Dry Cleaners Workers Exposed to Perchloroethylene: A Retrospective Cohort Mortality Study.
PB81231367

  • Hazardous materials
  • Environmental surveys
  • Exposure
  • Toxicity
  • Dry cleaning
  • Chlorine organic compounds
  • Air pollution
  • Ethylene/chloro
  • Toxic substances
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Indoor air pollution
  • Cancer
  • Cas 127-18-4
  • Centers for Disease Control Bureau of Laboratories
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  • 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
  • 57Y - Toxicology
  • 94D - Job Environment
  • 68G - Environmental Health & Safety
  • PHS-NIOSH-210-77-0094
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