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Intervention Studies for Construction Safety and Health: A Strong Safety Programas an Injury Prevention Intervention.


PB2013109839

Publication Date 2005
Personal Author Stafford, E.; Cameron, W.
Page Count 156
Abstract It has long been recognized, essentially as a truism, that following an appropriate safety program is an essential element of injury prevention. Meridian Research, in a report prepared for OSHA, sites a Business Roundtable claim that contractors with good safety programs had only 36% as many injuries as the industry as a whole (Meridian 1994). Leading contractors such as Bechtel require that all sub-contractors implement a safety and health program (LeBar 1992). The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which also requires that contractors implement a safety program, reported injury rates less than a quarter of the industry average for the period 1992-1996 (CPWR 1998). The above reports indicate that large construction organizations can achieve a very high level of safety and that safety and health programs are a key component of their efforts. However, the great majority of contractors, employing a majority of crafts workers, fit into the small to medium employer range for whom the implementation of an effective safety program can be an administrative and organizational challenge. Since 1996 CPWR has pursued a line of research into the mechanisms and impacts of the adoption of appropriate safety programs on safe work conditions and practices and on injury rates at smaller contractors. A previous CPWR study by Halperin, McDougall et al under NIOSH/CDC Grant 7-RO1-CCR-317873 examined the impact of introducing a minimal safety program at small carpentry contractor throughout the New England area. Dr. Halperin's team was able to demonstrate that the safety practices of the study group improved over time and that a similar improvement was not present in the control group. These improvements were attributed to improved management commitment and to the impact of site visits.
Keywords
  • Occupational safety and health
  • Construction industry
  • Injury prevention
  • Construction workers
  • Epidemiology
  • Hearing protection
  • Intervention
  • Safety equipment
  • Safety programs
  • Site visits
  • Statistical data
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Working conditions
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Corporate Authors Center to Protect Worker's Rights, Washington, DC.; National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Washington, DC.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Final rept.
NTIS Issue Number 201323
Intervention Studies for Construction Safety and Health: A Strong Safety Programas an Injury Prevention Intervention.
Intervention Studies for Construction Safety and Health: A Strong Safety Programas an Injury Prevention Intervention.
PB2013109839

  • Occupational safety and health
  • Construction industry
  • Injury prevention
  • Construction workers
  • Epidemiology
  • Hearing protection
  • Intervention
  • Safety equipment
  • Safety programs
  • Site visits
  • Statistical data
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Working conditions
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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