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Maternal and Paternal Adjustment to Parenthood.


PB2009107900

Publication Date 1997
Personal Author Nichols, M. R.
Page Count 38
Abstract This study sought to examine and describe the adjustment to new parenthood of mothers and fathers in both military and non-military families. A longitudinal, multisite study was used with a comparative survey design. The conceptual framework from an earlier study by the author (principal investigator) was used to guide the current study. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. Subjects were married, expectant mothers and fathers were recruited from military and civilian populations in military prenatal clinics and from private obstetrics offices. There were 84 mothers and 84 fathers in the stratum of military subjects and 62 mothers and 62 fathers who served as non-military subjects. Group differences between means for comparable strata were assessed using two-tailed t tests. Chi-square analyses were used to compare group proportions for comparable strata. To investigate changes over time within each stratum, measures obtained during the last trimester of pregnancy and 6 weeks after delivery were assessed using one-tailed t tests. Multiple regression analysis was employed to examine single and combined effects of multiple independent and dependent variables. Non-military women were more likely than their counterparts in the military to be employed during the third trimester. A higher percentage of non-military women returned to work by 6 weeks postpartum. Among men (for intrapartal and postpartum measures), the only significant difference was that military men scored higher on global self-esteem than non-military men. A first-time expectant mother who was happily married perceived her husband to be more involved during labor and delivery. This study provides information that may contribute to improving the quality of life for all childbearing families, military and civilian, as they adjust to parenthood.
Keywords
  • Parenthood
  • Mothers
  • Fathers
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Civilians
  • Military personnel
  • Quality of life
  • Marriage
  • Families
  • Surveys
  • Regression analysis
  • Military families
  • Non-military families
Source Agency
  • TriService Nursing Research Program/Uniform Services Univ. of the Health Sciences
Corporate Authors Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC. School of Nursing.; TriService Nursing Research Program, Bethesda, MD.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by TriService Nursing Research Program, Bethesda, MD.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 200915
Contract Number
  • 905-94-Z-0034
Maternal and Paternal Adjustment to Parenthood.
Maternal and Paternal Adjustment to Parenthood.
PB2009107900

  • Parenthood
  • Mothers
  • Fathers
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Civilians
  • Military personnel
  • Quality of life
  • Marriage
  • Families
  • Surveys
  • Regression analysis
  • Military families
  • Non-military families
  • TriService Nursing Research Program/Uniform Services Univ. of the Health Sciences
  • 905-94-Z-0034
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