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Impact of Total Workload on Maternal Postpartum Health and Quality of Life. Report for September 30, 1999 to September 29, 2004.


PB2008107928

Publication Date 2005
Personal Author Dowd, B.; Gjerdingen, D.; Gross, C.; Kenney, S.
Page Count 220
Abstract Mothers with infants are one of the fastest growing segments of the labor force. National estimates reveal that about half of all American women with infants were in the labor force in 2002 (Downs, 2003). While it is well established that women face physical and psychological changes in pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum, relatively little evidence exists to document the effects of employment and work organization characteristics on women's health at periods of heightened vulnerability such as after childbirth. With many new mothers returning to work relatively soon after childbirth, this study was designed to examine the time course for women's recovery from pregnancy and childbirth and identify factors that facilitate the merger of working and parenting during the first 18 months after childbirth. This was a prospective longitudinal study of employed mothers designed to identify the effects of personal and employment characteristics, job stress and role conflicts on maternal postpartum health. We enrolled 817 women (71% response rate) at the time of childbirth from selected Minnesota hospitals in 2001 who met sample selection criteria including: giving birth to a singleton, healthy infant; English-speaking; 18 years of age or older, employed during pregnancy, and planning to return to work after childbirth. At enrollment, demographic and medical information was abstracted from mothers' charts and eligible women were interviewed.
Keywords
  • Maternal health outcomes
  • Health care management
  • Quality of life
  • Labor force
  • Mothers
  • Infants
  • Mental health
  • Heatlh status
  • Children
  • Psychology
  • Pregnancy
  • Vulnerability
  • Childbirth
  • Employment
  • Statistical data
  • Demography
  • Health services
  • Women
  • Job stress
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Interviews
  • Postpartum period
  • Workload
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Corporate Authors Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. School of Public Health.; National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Final rept.
NTIS Issue Number 200816
Impact of Total Workload on Maternal Postpartum Health and Quality of Life. Report for September 30, 1999 to September 29, 2004.
Impact of Total Workload on Maternal Postpartum Health and Quality of Life. Report for September 30, 1999 to September 29, 2004.
PB2008107928

  • Maternal health outcomes
  • Health care management
  • Quality of life
  • Labor force
  • Mothers
  • Infants
  • Mental health
  • Heatlh status
  • Children
  • Psychology
  • Pregnancy
  • Vulnerability
  • Childbirth
  • Employment
  • Statistical data
  • Demography
  • Health services
  • Women
  • Job stress
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Interviews
  • Postpartum period
  • Workload
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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