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Motherhood, Stress and Role Strain in Junior Enlisted Women.


PB2007114762

Publication Date 2007
Personal Author Hopkins, D. L.
Page Count 48
Abstract Currently, women comprise 15 percent of the United States military force and 20 percent of newly recruited enlisted personnel. Statistics show differences by sex in attrition; women are at greater risk of leaving the service prematurely. In addition, women leave more frequently than men due to pregnancy, medical problems, misconduct, shortfalls in performance, or parenthood. Military women report that the stress of being in the military is highest among married women with no spouse present, younger enlisted women, and women with the least education. The fact that civilian working women report that stress is the highest during the years of having preschool-aged children suggests that military womens stress may be related to both work and family roles as well as to being a woman in the military. Not surprisingly, work and family role strain can manifest as stress-related symptoms. By negatively influencing the health of the individual woman, the net effect of stress-related symptoms and role strain may be to decrease the overall mission readiness of the organization through decreased individual performance and increased attrition. Unfortunately, little is known about the effect of early motherhood on an enlisted career in terms of individual health and organizational mission readiness.
Keywords
  • Women in the military
  • Military personnel
  • Motherhood
  • Stress
  • Role strain
  • Trends
  • Work
  • Family roles
Source Agency
  • TriService Nursing Research Program/Uniform Services Univ. of the Health Sciences
Corporate Authors Ohio State Univ. Research Foundation, Columbus.; TriService Nursing Research Program, Bethesda, MD.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by the TriService Nursing Research Program, Bethesda, MD.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Final rept., 21 September 2004 to 30 August 2005
NTIS Issue Number 200726
Contract Number
  • MDA-905-04-1-0008
Motherhood, Stress and Role Strain in Junior Enlisted Women.
Motherhood, Stress and Role Strain in Junior Enlisted Women.
PB2007114762

  • Women in the military
  • Military personnel
  • Motherhood
  • Stress
  • Role strain
  • Trends
  • Work
  • Family roles
  • TriService Nursing Research Program/Uniform Services Univ. of the Health Sciences
  • MDA-905-04-1-0008
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