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Bloodborne Pathogen Exposure and Risk Factors in Non-Hospital Based Healthcare Workers.


PB2005102841

Publication Date 2004
Personal Author Barrera, M.; Vlahov, D.
Page Count 68
Abstract The purpose of this three-year epidemiological study of registered nurses (RNs) employed in a wide range of non-hospital health care settings was fivefold: first, to determine the rate of blood/body fluid exposure incidents; second, to characterize and assess exposure incident risk factors; third; to compare risk factors, rates of injury (using a measure of person time as the denominator), and availability/use of safety devices between a sub-set of non-hospital and hospital based RNs with similar responsibilities; fourth, to identify barriers to the adoption of safe work practices (i.e., Standard Precautions (SP)); and fifth, to identify opportunities to reduce the risk of exposure incidents in non-hospital-based RNs. This study was especially important for two reasons: (1) risk assessment data on blood/body fluid exposure for non-hospital based health care worker (HCW) subgroups are generally extremely sparse, including non-hospital-based RNs, even though non-hospital based HCWs represent approximately 50% of all HCWs in the U.S. and (2) information on the prevalence of effective primary and secondary prevention strategies employed in non-hospital settings is equally sparse.
Keywords
  • Blood-borne pathogens
  • Occupational exposure
  • Health personnel
  • Risk factors
  • Patient-professional disease transmission
  • Hepatitis viruses
  • HIV infections
  • Public health
  • Guidelines
  • Safety devices
  • Epidemiology
  • Prevention
Source Agency
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Corporate Authors Barnard Coll., New York.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 200513
Bloodborne Pathogen Exposure and Risk Factors in Non-Hospital Based Healthcare Workers.
Bloodborne Pathogen Exposure and Risk Factors in Non-Hospital Based Healthcare Workers.
PB2005102841

  • Blood-borne pathogens
  • Occupational exposure
  • Health personnel
  • Risk factors
  • Patient-professional disease transmission
  • Hepatitis viruses
  • HIV infections
  • Public health
  • Guidelines
  • Safety devices
  • Epidemiology
  • Prevention
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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