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Factors Affecting the Production of Phosgene Using gamma Radiation.


PB190029

Publication Date 1970
Personal Author Landsberg, A.; Block, F. E.
Page Count 19
Abstract Experiments were made with a batch reactor to determine the effect of gas pressures, temperature, and gamma radiation intensity on the reaction CO + Cl2 yields COCl2. The equation, dP/d(Theta) = 0.0110(1-0.01t)(sq root of P(CO)I)P(Cl2) where dP/d(Theta) is the change of pressure of phosgene with time (atm/hr), t is the temperature (C), P(CO) and P(Cl2) are the reactant pressures (atm), and I is the radiation intensity (r/hr), was found to best fit the data. Oxygen and a large ratio of reactor surface to volume retarded the reaction, but inert gases had no effect. A low-temperature reactor system is proposed to take advantage of the conditions which give a high reaction rate with gamma radiation and a simple scheme of product purification. (Author)
Keywords
  • Phosgene
  • Manufacturing methods
  • Radiation chemistry
  • Nuclear industrial applications
  • Gamma rays
  • Chemical engineering
  • Radioactive isotopes
NTIS Subject Category
  • 99B - Industrial Chemistry & Chemical Process Engineering
  • 99E - Photochemistry and Radiation Chemistry
Corporate Authors BUREAU OF Mines, Washington, D.C.
Document Type Technical Report
Title Note Report of Investigations.
NTIS Issue Number 197009
Factors Affecting the Production of Phosgene Using gamma Radiation.
Factors Affecting the Production of Phosgene Using gamma Radiation.
PB190029

  • Phosgene
  • Manufacturing methods
  • Radiation chemistry
  • Nuclear industrial applications
  • Gamma rays
  • Chemical engineering
  • Radioactive isotopes
  • 99B - Industrial Chemistry & Chemical Process Engineering
  • 99E - Photochemistry and Radiation Chemistry
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