National Technical Reports Library - NTRL

National Technical Reports Library


Details
Actions:
Download PDFDownload PDF
Download

Methanol: Its Synthesis, Use as a Fuel, Economics, and Hazards.


NP21727

Publication Date 1976
Personal Author Hagen, D. L.
Page Count 194
Abstract The synthesis of methanol using existing and proposed means of production and sources of feedstocks is reviewed. Conventional methods of producing methanol are surveyed. Proposed methods of fermentation, electro-, and radiation-synthesis are discussed. Conventional production technology from synthesis gas is examined in detail. The range of possible sources of feedstocks from fossil fuels to biomass, atmospheric carbon dioxide, and carbonates are portrayed along with renewable and nonrenewable energy sources. A survey of recent studies and research on methanol is given within the historical context. Fuel related properties are reviewed and compared with isooctane. Combustion emissions and their variation with temperature and fuel preparation are similarly compared. Uses of methanol as a combustion fuel and recent tests in boilers, turbines, conventional and stratified charge Otto engines, and diesel engines are discussed emphasizing comparative efficiencies. Current developments on the uses of methanol directly and indirectly in fuel cells and as a feedstock for single cell protein are examined. Historical prices of methanol are presented along with major causes for the fluctuations. The costs of synthesizing methanol are presented including overall production costs from organic feedstocks. Proposed costs of producing methanol from electrolytic hydrogen and carbon dioxide are also given. Fiscal and physical causes for inflation are discussed along with the costs of storage, transportation and conversion. The numerous biological, physical, and chemical hazards of using methanol as a fuel are discussed together with safety precautions and treatment. 609 references. (ERA citation 02:040420)
Keywords
  • Alcohol fuel cells
  • Automotive fuels
  • Boiler fuel
  • Diesel engines
  • Methanol
  • Otto cycle
  • Turbines
  • Bibliographies
  • Biological effects
  • Biomass
  • Biosynthesis
  • Boilers
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Carbonates
  • Chemical preparation
  • Combustion products
  • Economics
  • Environmental effects
  • Fermentation
  • Food
  • Fossil fuels
  • Fuels
  • Hazards
  • Performance testing
  • Production
  • Reviews
  • Safety
  • Synthesis
  • Technology assessment
  • Uses
  • ERDA/090200
  • ERDA/299003
  • ERDA/294000
  • ERDA/300501
  • ERDA/330800
Source Agency
  • Non Funded ERDA Documents From ERDA Tape
NTIS Subject Category
  • 97K - Fuels
  • 99D - Basic & Synthetic Chemistry
Corporate Authors Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.; Energy Research and Development Administration, Washington, D.C.
Supplemental Notes Thesis.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 197723
Methanol: Its Synthesis, Use as a Fuel, Economics, and Hazards.
Methanol: Its Synthesis, Use as a Fuel, Economics, and Hazards.
NP21727

  • Alcohol fuel cells
  • Automotive fuels
  • Boiler fuel
  • Diesel engines
  • Methanol
  • Otto cycle
  • Turbines
  • Bibliographies
  • Biological effects
  • Biomass
  • Biosynthesis
  • Boilers
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Carbonates
  • Chemical preparation
  • Combustion products
  • Economics
  • Environmental effects
  • Fermentation
  • Food
  • Fossil fuels
  • Fuels
  • Hazards
  • Performance testing
  • Production
  • Reviews
  • Safety
  • Synthesis
  • Technology assessment
  • Uses
  • ERDA/090200
  • ERDA/299003
  • ERDA/294000
  • ERDA/300501
  • ERDA/330800
  • Non Funded ERDA Documents From ERDA Tape
  • 97K - Fuels
  • 99D - Basic & Synthetic Chemistry
Loading