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Documentation of Short Stack and Button Cell Experiments Performed at INL and Ceramatec during FY07.


DE2008924514

Publication Date 2007
Personal Author O'Brien, J. E.; Stoots, C. M.; Hartvigsen, J. J.; Herring, J. S.
Page Count 58
Abstract This report provides documentation of experimental research activities performed at the Idaho National Laboratory and at Ceramatec, Inc. during FY07 under the DOE Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative, High Temperature Electrolysis Program. The activities discussed in this report include tests on single (button) cells, short planar stacks and tubular cells. The objectives of these small-scale tests are to evaluate advanced electrode, electrolyte, and interconnect materials, alternate modes of operation (e.g., coelectrolysis), and alternate cell geometries over a broad range of operating conditions, with the aim of identifying the most promising material et, cell and stack geometry, and operating conditions for the high-temperature electrolysis application. Cell performance is characterized in erms of initial area-specific resistance and long-term stability in the electrolysis mode. Some of the tests were run in the coelectrolysis mode. Research into coelectrolysis was funded by Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD). Coelectrolysis simultaneously converts steam to hydrogen and carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide. This process is complicated by the reverse shift reaction. An equilibrium model was developed to predict outlet compositions of steam, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide resulting from coelectrolysis.
Keywords
  • Hydrogen
  • Electrolysis
  • Stacks
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Fuel cells
  • Documentation
  • Geometry
  • Idaho
  • Stability
  • Steam
  • Research and development
  • Performance evaluation
  • High temperature electrolysis(HTE)
Source Agency
  • Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
Corporate Authors Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID.; Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 200822
Contract Number
  • DE-AC07-99ID-13727
Documentation of Short Stack and Button Cell Experiments Performed at INL and Ceramatec during FY07.
Documentation of Short Stack and Button Cell Experiments Performed at INL and Ceramatec during FY07.
DE2008924514

  • Hydrogen
  • Electrolysis
  • Stacks
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Fuel cells
  • Documentation
  • Geometry
  • Idaho
  • Stability
  • Steam
  • Research and development
  • Performance evaluation
  • High temperature electrolysis(HTE)
  • Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
  • DE-AC07-99ID-13727
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