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Development and Validation of a One-Dimensional Co-Electrolysis Model for Use in Large-Scale Process Modeling Analysis.


DE2008924493

Publication Date 2007
Personal Author Stoots, C. M.; Hawkes, G. L.; O'Brien, J. E.; McKellar, M. G.
Page Count 18
Abstract A one-dimensional chemical equilibrium model has been developed for analysis of simultaneous high-temperature electrolysis of steam and carbon dioxide (coelectrolysis) for the direct production of syngas, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The model assumes local chemical equilibrium among the four process-gas species via the shift reaction. For adiabatic or specified-heat-transfer conditions, the electrolyzer model allows for the determination of coelectrolysis outlet temperature, composition (anode and cathode sides), mean Nernst potential, operating voltage and electrolyzer power based on specified inlet gas flow rates, heat loss or gain, current density, and cell area-specific resistance. Alternately, for isothermal operation, it allows for determination of outlet composition, mean Nernst potential, operating voltage, electrolyzer power, and the isothermal heat requirement for specified inlet gas flow rates, operating temperature, current density and area-specific resistance. This model has been developed for incorporation into a system-analysis code from which the overall performance of large-scale coelectrolysis plants can be evaluated. The one-dimensional co-electrolysis model has been validated by comparison with results obtained from a 3-D computational fluid dynamics model and by comparison with experimental results.
Keywords
  • Hydrogen
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Fuels
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Cathodes
  • Computerized simulation
  • Current density
  • Electrolysis
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Heat transfer
  • Anodes
  • Fuel cells
  • Gas flow
  • Mixtures
  • Performance
  • Production
  • Steam
  • Validation
  • Co-electrolysis
  • Process modeling
  • Synthetic gas
Source Agency
  • Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
Corporate Authors Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls.; Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 200820
Contract Number
  • DE-AC07-99ID-13727
Development and Validation of a One-Dimensional Co-Electrolysis Model for Use in Large-Scale Process Modeling Analysis.
Development and Validation of a One-Dimensional Co-Electrolysis Model for Use in Large-Scale Process Modeling Analysis.
DE2008924493

  • Hydrogen
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Fuels
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Cathodes
  • Computerized simulation
  • Current density
  • Electrolysis
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Heat transfer
  • Anodes
  • Fuel cells
  • Gas flow
  • Mixtures
  • Performance
  • Production
  • Steam
  • Validation
  • Co-electrolysis
  • Process modeling
  • Synthetic gas
  • Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
  • DE-AC07-99ID-13727
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