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CFD Model Development and Validation for High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor Cavity Cooling System (RCCS) Applications.


DE141159384

Publication Date 2013
Personal Author Hassan, Y.
Page Count 320
Abstract The Reactor Cavity Cooling Systems (RCCS) is a passive safety system that will be incorporated in the VTHR design. The system was designed to remove the heat from the reactor cavity and maintain the temperature of structures and concrete walls under desired limits during normal operation (steady-state) and accident scenarios. A small scale (1:23) water-cooled experimental facility was scaled, designed, and constructed in order to study the complex thermohydraulic phenomena taking place in the RCCS during stead-state and transient conditions. The facility represents a portion of the reactor vessel with nine stainless steel coolant risers and utilizes water as coolant. The facility was equipped with instrumentation to measure temperatures and flow rates and a general verification was completed during the shakedown. A model of the experimental facility was prepared using RELAP5-3D and simulations were performed to validate the scaling procedure. The experimental data produced during the stead-state run were compared with the simulation results obtained using RELAP5-3D. The overall behavior of the facility met the expectations. The facility capabilities were confirmed to be very promising in performing additional experimental tests, including flow visualization, and produce data for code validation.
Keywords
  • Nuclear reactors
  • Containment systems
  • Cooling systems
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Evaluation
  • Heat transfer
  • Modular structures
  • Natural Convection
  • Reactor accidents
  • Reactor safety
  • Temperature control
  • Working fluids
  • Reactor Cavity Cooling Systems(RCCS)
Source Agency
  • Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category
  • 77H - Reactor Engineering & Nuclear Power Plants
Corporate Authors Texas A and M Univ., College Station.; Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Supplemental Notes Sponsored by Department of Energy, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical Report
NTIS Issue Number 201509
CFD Model Development and Validation for High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor Cavity Cooling System (RCCS) Applications.
CFD Model Development and Validation for High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor Cavity Cooling System (RCCS) Applications.
DE141159384

  • Nuclear reactors
  • Containment systems
  • Cooling systems
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Evaluation
  • Heat transfer
  • Modular structures
  • Natural Convection
  • Reactor accidents
  • Reactor safety
  • Temperature control
  • Working fluids
  • Reactor Cavity Cooling Systems(RCCS)
  • Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
  • 77H - Reactor Engineering & Nuclear Power Plants
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